Rural History 2015

Panel 15

Organizers: Vanhaute, Eric (1)

Affiliation: 1: Ghent University, Belgium

Land reform programs in Europe in the 18th-20th centuries: a comparative perspective

"The impact of state induced land reforms in the last few centuries on agriculture, land use and peasant societies cannot be overstated. The central aim of land reform programs is the modification or replacement of existing institutional arrangements governing the possession and use of land, and to alter its property redistribution. These reforms can go different ways, from the transfer of ownership from large (individual or collective) land owners to smallholders, to the transfer of land from individual ownership to government-owned collective farms. Either way, any revision or reform of regional or national land laws is an intensely political process, changing the relationships within and between rural communities, as well as between communities and the state.
In this session we aim to develop a comparative perspective on different endeavors of state controlled land reforms in Europe in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Guiding questions include:
- Who introduces and executes the land reform programs; how are they implemented; what is the scale and the economic (agriculture), social (rural societies), ecological (land use) impact; why do they succeed or fail?
- How are regional/national schemes of land reform related; what are practical and ideological linkages?
- What is the interaction between land reform programs and the different stakeholders: peasant households, village institutions, peasants movements, reformist or revolutionary leaders, landowners, pressure groups, governments? "


Papers (part I)

Chair: Eric Vanhaute, Ghent University, Belgium

Paper 1: Petru Groza’s Government and the 1945 Land Reform in Romania [+]

Sorin Radu, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania

Paper 2: The Agrarian reform policies of Scandinavia ca. 1750-1802 [+]

Carsten Porskrog Rasmussen, Sønderjylland Museum, Denmark

Paper 3: Land reforms in Europe, 1760-1850 [+]

Nadine Vivier, University of Le Mans, France

Paper 4: Rythms and outlines of agrarian reforms in Europe from the 17th to 21st centuries: some achievements of a collective experience [+]

Jean-Pierre Jessenne, University of Lille, France

Paper 5: Peasants and the privatization of commons in Finland 1750-1960 [+]

Petri JaakkoTalvitie, University of Jyväskylä, Finland


Papers (part II)

Chair: Eric Vanhaute, Ghent University, Belgium

Paper 6: The land to its cultivators. Public debate on rural transformations and land reform programs in Spain and Greece during the first third of the 20th c. [+]

Dimitris Angelis-Dimakis, Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain

Paper 7: Land reform in national and international political agendas: the Spanish-speaking world in the interwar period [+]

Juan Pan-Montojo, Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain

Paper 8: Two parallel systems: enclosures and open fields on the central plains of Västergötland, western Sweden, 1805-1865; a comparative perspective [+]

Lars Nyström, Gothenburg University, Sweden

Paper 9: The struggle over the commons. State, nobility and peasantry in Swedish enclosures [+]

Erik Hallberg and Lars Nyström, Gothenburg University, Sweden

Paper 10: Land and land consolidation meanings. Economic, social and cultural changes in Galician rural areas during the second half of the 20th century (1959-1986) [+]

Alba Diaz-Geada, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain


Suggested deadline for sending completed papers 31 july 2015

© 2014 Rural History 2015