Rural History 2015

Panel 2

Organizers: Brassley, Paul William (1); Godley, Andrew (2)

Affiliation: 1: University of Exeter, UK, United Kingdom; 2: Henley Centre, University of Reading, United Kingdom

Title: The rise of agribusiness in the second half of the 20th century

The rise of agribusiness, factory farming, or intensive livestock production is one of the defining features of the agrarian history of Europe in the second half of the twentieth century. So far it has attracted little attention from agricultural historians. The purpose of this panel is to address this deficit. We aim to explore the obvious questions – when did it begin to emerge; which enterprises have been most affected; was it a phenomenon driven by technical change or by economic factors; was it driven from within agriculture or was it imposed on agriculture from outside the industry; was it promoted or restricted by government agricultural policy? – but also the less frequently-raised issues, such as how has it been treated by the media, how have traditional farmers responded to it; how has it affected the behaviour of food consumers; and what are its links with the food processing and retailing industries?.



Chair: Clare Griffiths, University of Sheffield, UK

Paper 1: The decline of pig and poultry production on family farms in England [+]

Paul Brassley, University of Exeter, UK

Paper 2: The emergence of West European Agribusiness, supermarkets and the development of the broiler chicken industry, 1945-73

Andrew Godley, University of Reading, UK

Paper 3: Technological innovations, breeding and industrialisation on Dutch pig farms, 1950-2000 [+]

Steven van der Laan, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands

Paper 4: The poultry and pork boom in Spain: intensive livestock in extensive agriculture [+]

Ernesto Clar, University of Zaragoza, Spain


Suggested deadline for sending completed papers 31 july 2015

© 2014 Rural History 2015