Rural History 2015

Panel 21

Organizers: Indraszczyk, Arkadiusz

Affiliation: Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Poland

Title: Ideologies and doctrines of the peasant and folk parties and movements in Europe

"The idea of the panel is to provoke a scientific discussion on political thought, social and economic movements, parties and peasants or agricultural organizations. These institutional representations of peasants operate in Europe since the nineteenth century. The most important peasant’s parties were formed in the end of the ninetieth century and in the first half of the twentieth century, especially in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, but not only.
Since the mid-twentieth century, the importance of peasant parties decreased. In western and northern Europe they have undergone transformations in the city center and popular parties. Still, in Europe there are many parties and peasant organizations. Many of them belong to the international peasant movement La Via Campesina. One of the most important groups of those organizations is cooperative association. All of these parties, organizations, associations and social movements also take action in creating the attitudes and values of civil and political rights.
The idea of the panel is to know whether the various parties and peasant organizations in Europe, have the same values, views on the functioning of the state, economic systems, etc.
In addition, it is interesting to know the similarities and differences between them. The analysis of the similarities and differences should help in diagnosing the contemporary expectations of peasants / farmers in Europe, to help in mutual understanding of the attitudes of peasants and farmers from different parts of Europe, or at least trying to know them.
The aim of panel is also to illustrate the political thought the most prominent ideologists and founders of the peasant movements. Several underlying study goals were identified. The first is to discuss the political thought of peasants movements from the perspective of political science. The second goal involves the description of the major underlying factors of the ideas and views politicians. The third task is to demonstrate how the political thought of peasants movements evolved across different historical periods. The fourth objective will be to discuss the impact of political thought on the legacy of the most important ideologues peasant movements and political thought in Poland and Eastern Europe.
I want to introduce examples of peasant parties and organizations, being active in history as well as in the present: Polish Peasant Party, the Peasant Party (Poland), Croatian Peasant Party, Bulgarian Agrarian National Union (now there are several, but have little importance), the Smallholders Party on Hungary, the Agrarian Party of Czechoslovakia, Latvia Farmers Union, the Agrarian Party of Russia, Peasant Party of Ukraine, La Via Campesina in Europe, Coordinadora de Organizaciones de Agricultores y Ganaderos (Spain), Associazione Rurale Italiana (Italy), Confederaçao Nacional da Agricultura (Portugal), Confederation Paysanne (France), Mouvement d'Action Paysanne (Belgium), New Agricultural Movement of Greece and others."

 

Papers

Chair: Arkadiusz Indraszczyk, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities; Museum of the History of the Polish People’s Movement, Poland

Paper 1: From agrarianism to eco-humanism – the doctrines of the Polish people’s (peasants’) movement [+]

Arkadiusz Indraszczyk, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities; Museum of the History of the Polish People’s Movement, Poland

Paper 2: Education in rural areas as a part of political ideology. The case of Eastern Europe in the years 1918-1939

Barbara Wagner, Warsaw University, Poland

Paper 3: The State in the political thought of Wincenty Witos (1874-1945)

Ewelina Podgajna, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Poland

Paper 4: The Political Doctrine of the Ploughmen’s Front in Romania (1945 - 1953) [+]

Sorin Radu, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania

Paper 5: The Idea of Raison d’Etat in the Polish People's Party’s Political Thought (2001-2014)

Joanna Sanecka-Tyczynska, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Poland

Paper 6 - Agrarian Party of Russia (1993-2008). From agrarian communism to United Russia

Eleonora Kirwiel, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Poland

 

Suggested deadline for sending completed papers 31 july 2015

© 2014 Rural History 2015