Rural History 2015

Panel 3

Organizers: Mignemi, Niccolò (1); Pan-Montojo, Juan (2)

Affiliation: 1: École française de Rome, France; 2: Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain

Transnational networks, institutions and models in the shaping of national agrarian questions and agendas (1870-1940)

The agrarian question can be defined as a multidimensional political issue, constructed around the 1900 and included in many national political agendas until WW2, which dealt both with the unequal relationship among social agents in agriculture, and with the relationship between rural society and the evolution of society as a whole. Going beyond the limits of both the macro perspectives and the traditional comparative approaches, this session aims to explore and compare how the “agrarian question” emerged as an international and transnational question within the development processes that took place between the economic crisis of the 1870s-1880s and the Great Depression of the 1930s. During this period, national agricultures showed more and more their interconnected dynamics, and agrarian policies and programmes were given a central place in the agendas of all types of intergovernmental and non-governmental international organisations and informal networks. In European countries in particular, the modernisation of the rural world become a central problem in scientific debates and policy concerns. At the same time, international debates, initiatives and agreements imposed technical standards and governing models on the approaches to national questions and stimulated and legitimised local strategies to address what were considered to be common or related problems. Searching for connections, interactions and bifurcations in the national and regional paths, the session aims to renew the approach to the “agrarian question(s)”, overcoming both national views, which underestimate foreign intellectual and institutional influences, and international studies, which just take into account general mechanisms and relations. The idea is to analyse how the intensive circulation of resources (capitals, technologies, knowledge etc.), products (raw materials, staple food etc.) and persons (peasants, social and political leaders, technicians etc.) induced cross-fertilizations and facilitated the transfer of practices, techniques, discourses and representations.

 

Papers

Chair: Yves Segers (University of Leuven, Belgium)

Paper 1: International institutionalization of the anti-locust measures in the first half of the 20th century

Antonio Buj Buj, Institut Doctor Puigvert, Spain

Paper 2: Agricultural problems in their international aspect: the International Institute of Agriculture and the Economic Conferences of Geneva and London

Federico D’Onofrio, Duke University, USA

Paper 3: The League of Nations Agenda for Agricultural Development: from European Rural Credit to International Nutrition

Madeleine Dungy, Harvard University, USA

Paper 4: Institutionalizing the Social Sciences in the Interwar Period. The Romanian Social Institute and the Peasant Question

Dietmar Müller, Leipzig Centre for the History and Culture of East Central Europe, Germany

Paper 5: Transnational Rural Welfare Development, 1880-1940: The Role of International Actors

Amalia Ribi Forclaz, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Switzerland

 

Suggested deadline for sending completed papers 31 july 2015

© 2014 Rural History 2015