Rural History 2015

Panel 32

Organizers: Luna, Pablo F. (1); Mignemi, Niccolo (2)

Affiliation: 1: Centre de recherches historiques (CRH-EHESS-Erhimor), France; 2: Ecole française de Rome

Title: Land and natural resources appropriation and re-appropriation, and their dynamics, 16th-20th centuries

"Since the late Middle Ages, the appropriation of land and natural (and human) resources represents a key-element within the expansion of the capitalist economic system and results in a great variety of experiences and special cases. Whether in Europe or elsewhere, the need to justify and legalize land and resources appropriation, against real or even potential competitors, succeeds in enhancing the assumption of the natural and historical necessity of the ongoing dynamics. Thus, the appropriation appears as an inescapable fact, an instrument serving economic as well as social development.
However, appropriation, and especially the appropriation of land, has never been a one-way process, neither in the core nor in the peripheries (and semi-peripheries). Following the different contexts and conjunctures, new land can be conquered and eminent domain imposed against pre-existing owners, for example in colonial contexts. At the same time, cycles of re-appropriation of land and natural resources exist. Negotiated through legal mechanisms or imposed by the violence, each of the two opposed process can be more or less durable, more or less permanent, more or less complete. Adopting a comparative and long-term approach, this session aims to explore the dynamics of appropriation and re-appropriation of land and natural resources in European and/or colonial contexts (in fact, colonialism is not peculiar to non-European spaces). Between the 16th and 20th century, the idea is to analyze the multidimensional issues (social, economic, legal aspects etc.) of these processes as historical phenomena that need to be placed in a global perspective, in parallel with the evolutions of the modern world-system."

 

Papers (part I)

Paper 1: Land Occupation and Agrarian Revolt: Mexico, 1856-1940.

Alejandro Tortolero, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Mexico

Paper 2: Land and right into the Northwest Spain, XVIIIth century. Between the manifiesto legal and the natural razón

Pablo F. Luna, Centre de recherches historiques (CRH-EHESS) and Paris Sorbonne, France

Paper 3: Appropriation and Re-appropriation of Lands in Bohol, the Philippines [+]

Atsushi Miura, Saitama University, Japan

Paper 4: The issue of land facing the Algerian tribe: the Senatus Consults 1863 and Warnier Act of 1873

Omar Bessaoud, CIHEAM-Institut Agronomique Méditerranéen, France

 

Papers (part II)

Paper 5: Discussing the issues of property and land transfer. Public debates about property during the French Revolution

Anne Paule Jollet, Université de Poitiers, France

Paper 6: Peasants and Politics

Alejandro Guzmán, Corpoica Rural Research, Colombia

Paper 7: Black Africa and the Commons. Land, Law and Land-Tenures, from Stewardship to Commoditisation [+]

Etienne Le Roy, Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, France

Paper 8: When the land issue explains the politics history in the Near-East [+]

Pierre Blanc, Université de Bordeaux, France

Paper 9: Rural colonisation from the perspective of global history: The Southern Italian case

Simone Misiani, University of Teramo, Italy

 

Suggested deadline for sending completed papers 31 july 2015

© 2014 Rural History 2015