Rural History 2015

Panel 35

Organizers: Morell, Mats (1); Isacson, Maths (2)

Affiliation: 1: Stockholm University, Sweden; 2: Uppsala University, Sweden

Title: Pre-industrial agriculture between nature and society: the handling of stress and crises of local levels

"Rural landscapes are formed by a long history of interaction between different domains: cultural, socio-economic, and ecological. None of these domains of rural societies can be understood without insight in the others.
Interactions between different domains aree particularly visible in periods of stress and crises. Stress can be induced in either of the domains, for example by crop failures, erosion, epidemics, political-institutional upheavals, market disruptions, war… Stress in one domain can lead to problems in other domains, enhancing the overall crisis. For example a weather-related harvest failure, may cause changes in labour relations and unemployment, but it may also make commercial farmers financially vulnerable and cause crisis in credit networks and invoke problems in other sectors of society. Such hardships may trigger religious dissent actions and general disturbance of social order. Market development may also invoke crises (e.g. when competition on a previously secured market increase because of improved long distance transports or new industrial methods, which might reduce demand for inputs supplied by rural households). Crises may be handled at different levels: by agrarian households, by local, regional or national actors or entities, such as villages, parishes, lords, regional authorities or the Government, by using the buffering capacity of several domains. The interplay between different domains is particularly evident when studied in a micro perspective
We welcome contributions dealing with the interactions between different domains of rural societies. For example by applying socio-economic or cultural perspectives on ecosystems and biodiversity, or ecological perspectives on land-use and agrarian societies. Papers can address cases of stress and crises induced by changes of ecosystems, markets, social relations, labour or policy."


Papers (part I)

Chair: Mats Morell, Stockholm University, Sweden.

Paper 1: Deal with it! The reversal of an agro-ecological crisis, southern Sweden c. 1700-1900. [+]

Bohman, Magnus, Umeå University, Sweden

Paper 2: Harvest failure, heavy debts and religious apocalypse – the subsistence crisis in the Lake Mälaren valley, Sweden, 1844-50 [+]

Iréne Flygare, Upplandsmuseet, Uppsala; Marja Erikson, Upplandsmuseet and Uppsala University, Sweden

Paper 3: Land and labour as resources – agrarian land use in times of stress. Examples from the central Swedish mining area in the 1840s and 1860s [+]

Maths Isacson, Uppsala University, Sweden; Anna Westin, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden; Tommy Lennartsson, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.


Papers (part II)

Chair: Mats Morell, Stockholm University, Sweden.

Paper 4: The Subsistence Crisis of 1845-1847 in Austrian Galicia and its Socio-economic Background [+]

Piotr Miodunka, Cracow University of Economics, Poland

Paper 5: Policing the Oeconomy of Nature: The 'oiseau martin' as an instrument of oeconomic management in the eighteenth-century French maritime world.

Pierre-Etienne Stockland, Columbia University, New York, USA

Paper 6: The fight against locust infestations in Ottoman Cyprus in the nineteenth century

Alaaddin Tok, Yıldız Technical University, Turkey


Suggested deadline for sending completed papers 31 july 2015

© 2014 Rural History 2015