Rural History 2015

Panel 5

Organizers: Simpson, James (1); Carmona, Juan (1); Colin, Jean Phillippe (2); Léonard, Eric (2)

Affiliation: 1: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain; 2: Pôle Foncier, Montpellier, France

Land Reform: from the State to the Village, or the Village to the State?

It is estimated that at least 1.5 billion people today have some farmland as a result of land reform, and ‘are less poor, or not poor, as a result’ (Lipton, 2009). The theoretical literature suggests that land ownership helps both alleviate poverty and stimulates economic growth. Exactly how land redistribution should take place has resulted in a considerable volume of theoretical literature, but there is much less on the practical difficulties involved in carrying it out. This session aims to bring together papers from a wide variety of countries that look at the tensions found between the demand for change by individuals and groups at the village level with those at the centre (state officials, political parties, Church, and trade unions). While the organizers are open to a wide variety of approaches, as means of orientation, papers are expected to deal with subjects such as the importance of local communities in influencing government policy; how government and agronomists attempted to implement reform in local communities; or how political parties (or trade unions) tried to use the agrarian problem to further their own objectives. In particular to what extent were the landless, tenants, and small landowners able to influence government legislation? Did they wait passively for legislation to be passed, or did they attempt to set the political agenda themselves through land invasions, etc.? To what extent were they able to influence the implementation of reforms that suited their agenda as oppose to those of central government. Finally, as formal rules of land access established by the central government are then subject to interpretation and adaptation by each local community, how does this process affect legal and customary rights, and which agency now monitors and enforces property rights?

 

Papers (part I)

Chair: James Simpson, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain

Paper 1: Promoting land reform ‘from below’: Land redistribution rumours in Finland, c. 1880–1905 [+]

Sami Suodenjoki, University of Tampere, Finland

Paper 2: Outcomes of Land Reform across a Triple Frontier [+]

Irina Marin, University of Leicester, UK.

Paper 3: The implementation of land reform in Greek Thessaly (1917-1940)

Socrates D. Petmezas, George Gassias, University of Crete, Institute for Mediterranean Studies/FoRTH (Greece)

Paper 4: A spontaneous land reform in post-WWI Italy? [+]

Pablo Martinelli, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain

 

Papers (part II)

Chair: Pablo Martinelli. Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain

Paper 5: Reforming land relations. From market prohibition to local practices: a comparative perspective from Algeria and Mexico [+]

Jean-Philippe Colin, IRD UMR GRED, France/ ENSA, Algeria; Eric Leonard, IRD UMR GRED, France , Ali Daoudi, ENSA, Algeria

Paper 6: Landowners, Political Violence and Rural Conflict in Southern Chile during Agrarian Reform. [+]

Felipe Sánchez, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile

Paper 7: Why a Land Reform in Spain (1931-1936)? Some doubts about antiproductivism and market forces [+]

Ricardo Robledo, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain. Ángel Luis González, Universidad de Salamanca, Spain

Paper 8: Too many workers or not enough land? Why land reform failed in Spain in the 1930s [+]

Juan Carmona and James Simpson, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spai

 

Suggested deadline for sending completed papers 31 july 2015

© 2014 Rural History 2015