Rural History 2015

Panel 53

Organizers: Moser, Peter (1); Varley, Tony (2)

Affiliation: 1: Archives of Rural History, Switzerland; 2: National University of Ireland, Galway

Title: Globalisation - the midwife of the interventionist state in European and North American agriculture, 1875-1914?

"It is widely assumed that transnational interests and “the market” were crucial to the emergence of the agricultural and food regimes appearing in Western Europe during the last quarter of the 19tth century. However, a closer look reveals that the agricultural crisis provoked by the “grain invasion” not only led to a defensive trade policy in some countries but to the simultaneous creation - in free trade and protectionist countries alike - of a multitude of new agricultural institutions, discourses and practices. Comprehensive attempts to apply scientific methods in plant breeding, animal husbandry and farm management became as common as such newly created state institutions as research stations and departments of agriculture. Chemists established rigorous systems of food analysis and control; agronomists set up periodicals, established institutions in research and education, and participated in the new agricultural associations which began to organise sections of the agricultural and rural population, thus helping to assimilate them into industrial society by a process of “integration through subordination”.
To advance the goal of examining the genesis of the multitude of institutions, discourses and practices that came to characterise the emerging “agrarian-industrial knowledge” societies in the 1875-1914 period this panel seeks to assemble European and North American case studies with a view to analysing the emerging institutionalisation of the agricultural sector in this period. Our purpose will be to review the hypothesis that globalisation’s main effect in agriculture during these years was to divide countries along a simple protectionist-free trade spectrum, and to provide a more comprehensive explanation of the broad set of institutional changes whose appearance was stimulated by the first wave of globalisation in European and North American agriculture."



Chair and discussant: Claire Strom, Rollins College, Florida, USA

Paper 1: Knowledge production and institution building - a creative attempt to incorporate the ramifications of the first wave of globalisation for Swiss agriculture, 1870-1914

Peter Moser, Archives of Rural History, Bern, Switzerland

Paper 2: Explaining the rise of the interventionist state in Irish agriculture, 1880-1900

Tony Varley, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland

Paper 3: Regionalisation instead of Globalisation? Austria-Hungary in the British-Centred Food Regime, 1867-1914

Ernst Langthaler, Institute of Rural History St. Pölten, Austria


Suggested deadline for sending completed papers 31 july 2015

© 2014 Rural History 2015