Rural History 2015

Panel 66

Organizers: Freire, Dulce

Affiliation: University of Lisbon, Portugal

Title: FAO actions in the rural peripheries of Europe

In 2015, there will be the 70th anniversary of the foundation of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The activities promoted by FAO have earned numerous studies and raised some controversy. Nevertheless, many aspects of the origins and action of this organization are still less studied.
The 70 years history of this international organization offers many interesting topics for rural historians. Its activity is usually known for food aid policies and programmes in non-European countries with underdeveloped agriculture. Less attention is paid to FAO activities within Europe. It is recognized that the commitment of several European countries was critical to the creation of FAO. In addition to the founding members, FAO encouraged the accession of other European countries, which could be governed by different political regimes or could have several economic and social development problems.
Numerous initiatives promoted by FAO (technical studies, international conferences, regional programs, recommendations for national governments, etc.) were often specifically directed to peripheral and underdeveloped European rural areas. However, the local or regional impacts of FAO actions are poorly understood and require in deep historical research.
In this panel, we would like to discuss papers that contribute to cover two main issues: the initiatives of international organizations previous to the FAO (namely the International Institute of Agriculture and the League of Nations) with expertise in agriculture, food and nutrition; the activities of the FAO in different European rural areas. We wish to analyse factors (at national, regional and local levels), that could have influenced the results of the actions promoted by international organizations, during the twenty century.



Chair: Zsuzsanna Varga, Lorand Eötvös University, Hungary

Paper 1: Challenging global markets and shaping global politics: producers and consumers’ transnational collective action (1890-1930)

Joana Dias Pereira, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal

Paper 2: FAO forestry missions in the south of Spain. The eucalypts Huelva experience (1950-1974)

Ignacio Garcia Pereda, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain

Paper 3: FAO as a bridge between the capitalist and socialist world

Zsuzsanna Varga, Lorand Eötvös University, Hungary

Paper 4: FAO missions in Portugal during the dictatorship regime (1946-1974)

Dulce Freire, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal


Suggested deadline for sending completed papers 31 july 2015

© 2014 Rural History 2015